Sooner or later, most dogs will have a bout of vomiting. Most cases are mild and self-defined. But when is the time to worry? What signs should you monitor and when should you call your veterinarian?
When does vomiting in dogs require a trip to the veterinarian?
Your dog may vomit once or twice but looks good afterwards, with normal behavior, energy and appetite. The vomiting may be self-limiting and responds to home therapy (see below). However, prolonged vomiting may lead to dehydration or indicate a more serious problem. Here are the reasons for calling your veterinarian immediately:
Vomiting is bloody, coffee-like, or accompanied by anorexia, insomnia or diarrhea.
Vomiting lasts for more than 24 hours.
Dogs Vomiting is chronic, meaning it lasts and lasts for more than a week or two.
The dog shows repeated attempts to vomit (often unproductive) along with insomnia, arousal, and apparent abdominal distress.
This may be a sign of bloating, and life-threatening emergencies. Request veterinary care immediately.
Your dog is constantly vomiting, too small, too old, or in poor health.
If there is any doubt, consult your veterinarian. Constant vomiting can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. It can also be a sign of a serious medical problem.
Causes of vomiting of dogs:
Causes of vomiting in dogs are almost too many to list. Here are some of the things you should be aware of:
Diet-related vomiting is very common. This may result from a sudden change in diet, overly rich table scraps, or unspeakable bad things from forests or litter. Keep the lids covered. If you share tablecloths with your dog, keep cooked meat, cooked meat, or vegetables (without onions or garlic) free of spices or sauces. Take a look at this slide show to make sure you know the toxic human foods for dogs.
Food allergies or inflammatory bowel disease (bowel inflammation) can lead to vomiting in dogs. In this case, vomiting is chronic and is often accompanied by diarrhea, flatulence and weight loss.
Some prescription drugs, such as antibiotics or pain medications, may irritate a dog’s stomach or cause vomiting. If you suspect this is the case, stop the medication and consult your veterinarian immediately.
Blockage anywhere along the intestinal canal can lead to vomiting. The clogging of a foreign body may be caused by partially chewed toys, raw skins, bones, and corn kernels. It can also be caused by the tumor. Such problems can be surgical emergencies.
Vomiting can result from systemic diseases such as pancreatitis, renal failure, liver disease, pyomitra (inflammation of the uterus), prostate inflammation, endocrine disorders, internal ear infections, and cancer.
Poisons such as lead, household solvents or some plants or freezing can also cause vomiting. If you suspect that your dog has swallowed something toxic, contact your doctor immediately.
Treatment of vomiting in dogs:
The treatment of vomiting depends on the diagnostic results and the severity of the symptoms. Dogs that are bright and alert and have normal physical results can be treated in outpatient clinics with subcutaneous fluids and injectable medicines. Dogs that are exposed to fever, abdominal pain or that have abnormal test results may need hospitalization and further intervention.
When your healthy adult puppy vomits, but in all other respects looks good, it is often reasonable to start simple home therapy. First, withhold all food and water for 2 to 4 hours. If there is no more vomiting, start your dog in small sips of fresh and clean water or crushed ice. In another two hours, he gave a drink bigger than water. If this continues for two hours, it is time to try feeding. Start with a spoonful of something nice, like scrambled eggs or boiled hamburgers and rice. Gradually increase the ration, feed small meals every few hours, until your dog consistently has regular portions. Wait for 24 hours to reintroduce your dog’s normal food. If your abdominal problems resume at any time, contact your veterinarian.
Never give any medicines, including non-prescription human medicines, to your dog unless you have strict instructions from your veterinarian. Improper use of drugs can lead to severe illness or death.
What to expect when you visit your vet for vomiting
The most important thing (besides your dog) to bring to your veterinarian is a careful history. This will save you time and money in the end. Your veterinarian will want to know how long your vomiting lasts and how often it is. Whether vomiting is made up of food or liquid, yellow or blood, whether there are any recent diet changes, are there any other signs of the disease and how is your dog’s position? Is it possible for your dog to eat anything (raw leather, cutting a toy, cloth or sock) or something in it (home chemical, antifreeze, garbage) should not he have? There are many causes of vomiting in dogs, making a comprehensive record necessary to help your veterinarian narrow your search.
Full physical examination is the next step. Sometimes, the history and exam provide enough information and a treatment plan can be developed. At other times, your veterinarian may need to gather more information. Tests may include:
- Work in blood
- Urine analysis
- X rays
- Exploratory surgery
- Surgical biopsy