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Cardiology in dogs

Cardiology in dogs

The heart of dogs is a hard working member and is anatomically divided into the left and right sides. Fuses allow blood to flow through the heart. The left atrium, the right atrium, the left ventricle, and the right ventricle consist of the four chambers of the heart. The “sac” is set the outer heart of the pericardium, and the heart muscle is the actual muscle of the heart. The endothelium is the inner layer of cells in the heart. Heart disease, or heart disease, can affect any of these ingredients.

The “dirty” blood (which carries carbon dioxide from the organs, tissues, and cells) enters the right atrium through the large cavernous veins and flows into the right ventricle through the triglyceride valve. It passes through the pulmonary artery (through the pulmonary valve) to the lungs to collect oxygen, remove carbon dioxide and re-enter the left atrium through the pulmonary vein. The mitral valve transfers oxygen-rich blood to the left ventricle, and the aorta (which passes through the aortic valve) carries “clean” oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body.

Heart disease, or heart disease, can be a devastating clinical condition in companion animals. Early identification and treatment can facilitate proper clinical management and long life.

Types of heart disease in dogs

Heart disease is classified as congenital or acquired.

Most congenital heart defects exist since birth or near birth. These include conditions such as atrial and ventricular defects, valve dysplasia, rectal arterial duct, quadriplegia, vascular anomalies, aorta, pulmonary artery, and dextrose. All involve a degree of structural heart component or double valves.

Although some congenital conditions associated with breeds are detected early in life, others are not recognized until adulthood. Knights King Charles Spaniels, Doberman Pins, Boxers, and Newfoundlands are among the strains that are often diagnosed with family heart disease.

Acquired cases can also affect any component of the heart, but are not present at or near birth. They evolve over time, and many of them are neither satisfactory nor progressive. However, some may be associated with heart disease and progressive valve.
Endocarditis, myocarditis, and arteritis are structural inflammatory conditions that result from a variety of causes, including infectious diseases, trauma, and immunological conditions.

Percolation occurs when the excess fluid accumulates between the layers of the pericardial sac. The causes are varied and can include cancer.

Cardiomuscular artery, mitral dystrophy, mitral ulcers / palaces are frequently identified cases of thrombosis.

Heartworm disease is an important acquired heart disease.

What is heart hole?

The heart murmur is an additional sound in the heartbeat discovered by a veterinarian during physical examination; such fountains usually develop into a troubled blood flow. Heart failure is determined in patients with and without heart disease.

Many of the vials are innocent, or occur without any evidence of heart disease. These are particularly common in young puppies. They are soft puffs and usually disappear on their own. Other benign benign lesions of anemia (low red blood cell count), pain and intense arousal are seen.

Pathology breaths (those that indicate heart disease) may have very distinctive sounds and locations associated with heart disease.

Clinical signs and complications of cardiovascular disease in dogs

Clinical signs of heart disease in dogs include:

The mucous membranes are pale or purple

The pulse is weak

Cold limbs

Weak circulation

fainting

Jugular vein jugular

Breathing difficulties

Cough

Practice intolerance

Heart pressure

Clots in the arteries

Collection of fluid in the abdomen

Edema or swollen limbs

Weight loss (heartache)

Breathing difficulties are a common complication in dogs due to fluid retention inside or outside the lungs.

Diagnosis of heart disease in dogs

Diagnosis of heart disease in dogs is usually facilitated by combining ultrasound of the heart (ultrasound), x-ray chest, blood pressure measurement, blood work / measurement of the level of the heart enzyme, urine analysis, ECG analysis. Veterinarians may make more advanced diagnoses in case of need.

Treatment of heart disease in dogs

Treatment of heart disease in dogs depends on the cause; its goal is to slow progression of heart failure (heart failure to keep up with its necessary functions).

Treatment may include any of the following treatments and medicines:

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are used to treat infectious causes of heart disease.
Angiotensin converting enzyme

Inhibitors (ACE): This class of drugs can increase blood production in the heart, increase sodium loss in urine, and reduce blood pressure.

Diuretics: Diuretics promote the formation of urine to help remove fluid from the body.

Modified diet / low-salt diets
Pimobendan: This drug is a preparation of calcium and inhibitor of phosphodiesterase. It is useful in specific clinical cases of dog heart disease.

Affecting positive muscle contraction:
These drugs increase the ability of the heart muscle to contract, allowing it to be more efficient.

Treatment of taurine / carnitine: Amino acid is important for heart health.

Vascular dilators: These drugs can help in high blood pressure and congestive heart failure.

Calcium channel blockers: can help high blood pressure and congestive heart failure.

Anticoagulants: To prevent the formation of serious clots.

Removal of fluid from pleural or abdominal space: This can be done periodically by a veterinarian as needed.

Surgery may be needed in some cases, especially in congenital heart disease.

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