Bladder problems in dogs:
Bladder problems are a common health concern for dogs. The medical term for bladder problem is cystitis, Greek for bladder inflammation. By any name, it causes discomfort and misery. People with cystitis describe a sensation of cramping and burning when they try to empty the urine. Dogs with a bladder problem may have any or all of the following symptoms:
Stress to urinate
Peeing in frequent but small amounts
Paul is stained with blood
Urinary incontinence at home
Excessive licking in the genital area
Increase the amount of water
There are no symptoms at all
It is important to note that, along with these annoying signs, most dogs with bladder inflammation usually eat and act normally.
Causes of Cystitis in Dogs:
Practically anything that causes irritation or inflammation of the bladder wall can cause bladder inflammation. Common triggers, in order of propagation, are:
Bacterial infection (urinary tract infection).
The bladder should usually be a sterile place. But when the bacteria can reach the bladder and the conditions are correct, the infection leads to it. Bacteria usually reach the bladder by moving the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder outside the body). Females are especially vulnerable to rising infections due to relatively short urethra. Often, the infection may begin in the kidneys and move in the direction of the blood stream across the urinary tract to the bladder. Bacterial infection causes inflammation, leading to clear signs of cystitis. Certain conditions create a favorable situation for the development of infection in the bladder.
Systemic diseases such as diabetes, Cushing’s disease and chronic kidney disease weaken the immune system, create diluted urine and overcome the immune defenses of the bladder.
Extra dogs can have deep leather folds around the urinary aperture, and this is an excellent place to start infection and then climb into the bladder.
Neurological conditions, such as spinal injuries, may prevent bladder emptying properly. Bacteria thrive in stagnant urine.
Joint problems can also lead to the holding urine, because it may be difficult for the dog to take the right position for urination.
It is important to note that bladder infections are not contagious from one animal to another, and from dogs to people. Anatomical differences make bladder injuries less likely to occur in male dogs than females. In fact, when the male dog is infected with bladder infection, there is usually another underlying cause, such as prostate inflammation in healthy males, or bladder stones.
Bladder stones are solid rocks of minerals such as calcium, magnesium or phosphates that form in the urinary bladder. This is the second most common cause of cystitis in dogs and is often associated with bacterial infection. Do not be confused with kidney stones (same stones, different place), which are more prevalent among people. Bladder stones form over time due to excess food minerals in the urine. Contributing factors include diet, heredity, pH of the urine, bladder infections and other effects that have not yet been identified. Bladder stones do not always cause signs of cystitis in dogs. Some stones are smooth and smooth and remain clinically silent for years. Others may be as rough as sandpaper or as an ideal substrate for bacteria. Once bladder stones and / or bladder lining are infected, cystitis is produced. Your veterinarian may suspect bladder stones if your bladder has failed to treat or continue to occur over time. Most bladder stones can be diagnosed with x-ray or ultrasound. Surgery often requires surgical removal, although some stones can be thawed chemically using a special diet and antibiotics.
Urethral obstruction: A stone of the right size can come out of the bladder but attached to the urethra. This causes obstruction of the urethra. This is more common in female male dogs, because the urethra is long and narrow for males. Urethral obstruction can be caused by an injury or tumor. The resulting signs depend on the degree of obstruction. Partial obstruction leads to the appearance of signs similar to cystitis: the hard urination in repeated small fountains. The urethra is completely blocked from any urine at all, and soon the dog who suffers from this problem becomes sick and lethargic. This is an emergency medical condition. If your male dog is having trouble urinating, ask for veterinary care immediately.
Bladder cancer is relatively uncommon in dogs, accounting for only 1% of dog cancers. Among these species, the most common type is transitional cell cancer. Symptoms of bladder cancer are similar to symptoms of cystitis. The blockage can also occur if the tumor is located near the point where the urine comes out of the bladder.
Congenital defects: Some abnormalities in the bladder or female reproductive system can lead to frequent infections in the bladder and other urinary troubles. These are fairly rare and are usually diagnosed in young female dogs. A separate problem is vaginal vulva or vagina. This is a somewhat more common situation where the small dog’s genitals remain relatively small with the development of its body. The vulva is hidden in deep folds of the skin, where dirt and debris accumulate easily and infection can eventually develop.
Diagnosis of cystitis in dogs:
If your veterinarian suspects that your dog has bladder infection, it will start with the full history and physical examination. This includes contact with the bladder (feeling), stones are rarely felt from the outside and the external urine is examined. After that, urine analysis confirms the presence of infection, inflammation, crystals, bacteria or a defect in the pH. Many veterinarians will continue to treat cystitis for the first time without further diagnosis. For repeated or complex situations, the following tests are usually referred to:
Culture of urination
Work in blood
Cystoscopy, which uses a specially designed telescope to see inside the bladder, is another useful diagnostic tool. However, it is generally only available to specialists in large veterinary referral hospitals.
Cure inflammation of the bladder in dogs
Treating cystitis dogs depends on the cause.
It is usually easy to treat minor bladder infections if diagnosed immediately. Your veterinarian will prescribe a 2 to 3 week course of antibiotics, and then perform a follow-up check to make sure everything is fine.
Diabetes often leads to an increased number of bladder infections. Diabetes should be treated concurrently with infection in order to resolve it.
Bladder stones are surgically removed or surgically smashed if possible, and an appropriate diet and / or medication is provided to prevent recurrence.
Congenital malformations are surgically corrected.
A weight loss program and cleansing procedures are performed when deep skin folds are a problem.
Prevention of cystitis in dogs:
Kidney bladder problems can not be completely prevented, but some measures can help:
Enhancing the amount of water. Save plenty of clean fresh water to drink.
Feeding a high quality commercial diet.
Keep the dog in proper body weight.
Manage any medications exactly as determined by your veterinarian.
Complete the full course of treatment and follow-up tests as recommended by your veterinarian, even if symptoms stop.